Engage in exercise interventions to help combat pre-diabetes
diabetes one of the fastest growing chronic conditions in Australia, today
marks World Diabetes Day, a campaign aimed to put
diabetes in the spotlight globally. With 1 in 2 people currently living with
undiagnosed type 2 diabetes, early diagnosis and treatment are key to preventing
the complications of diabetes to achieve healthy outcomes.
& Sports Science Australia (ESSA) wants to educate the Australian public on
the benefits of regular physical activity when managing diabetes, however a
high importance must be placed on how early interventions through exercise can
reduce the risk of pre-diabetes developing in to type 2 diabetes.
“In 2015, diabetes was the sixth leading cause of death, however regular physical activity has a
direct effect on those living with this chronic condition, as well as those who
show signs of prediabetes – a condition in which blood glucose levels are
higher than normal and are at high-risk of developing type 2 diabetes,” says Anita
Hobson-Powell, ESSA Chief Executive Officer.
the focus of World Diabetes Day is on the families who live with diabetes, as the
International Diabetes Federation reports that, although over 425
million people globally are currently living with diabetes, all families are
potentially affected by pre-diabetes and so awareness of the signs, symptoms and
risk factors for all types of diabetes are vital to help detect it early.
“Untreated prediabetes can lead to
a type 2 diabetes diagnosis within five years. The good news
is, early exercise intervention can help get your health back on track before
pre-diabetes develops into type 2 diabetes,” explains Carly Ryan, Accredited
So how does exercise help regulate blood
glucose levels in people with pre-diabetes and type 1 and 2 diabetes?
“When your muscles contract during
exercise, your cells are able to take up glucose and use it for energy. Insulin
sensitivity is increased, so your muscle cells are better able to use any
available insulin to take up glucose during and after
“Essentially, regular physical activity helps
your body to use insulin better and to feel fit and healthy.”
If diagnosed with prediabetes or diabetes there
is a range of options for incorporating physical activity in to daily living, from
walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, lifting weights or even yoga, any movement
is going to be beneficial for your health.
“Encouraging physical activity for children
is important – the more steps they do, the better. Research tells us that it
can be as simple as adding an extra 1,000 steps in to the
day of a child living with type 1 diabetes to improve their cardiovascular
For those living with diabetes who are
thinking of commencing physical activity to benefit their health, seeking
advice from the right health professional is vital.
“If you are
diagnosed with prediabetes or diabetes, before beginning an exercise program,
you should undergo a medical evaluation by your doctor to identify any diabetic
related complications. An assessment and evaluation of by an Accredited
Exercise Physiologist (AEP) is also recommended. An AEP can then deliver an
expertly prescribed exercise program tailored to your individual requirements
your local Accredited Exercise Physiologist, visit the ESSA website.
To find out
more about World Diabetes Day, here.